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Phase I Study of KOS-953 + Velcade in Patients with Relapsed/Refractory MM
By Paul G. Richardson, MD

This study to determine the best dosages of the combination of heat shock protein 90 inhibitor KOS-953 (tanespimycin) and Velcade demonstrated that the regimen is useful in circumventing resistance pathways. The combination was relatively well tolerated, with no incidence of peripheral neuropathy.


A Multicenter Phase 1 Clinical Trial of Tanespimycin (KOS-953) + Bortezomib (BZ): Encouraging Activity and Manageable Toxicity in Heavily Pre-Treated Patients with Relapsed Refractory Multiple Myeloma (MM). Session Type: Oral Session

Paul Richardson, Asher Alban Chanan-Khan, Sagar Lonial, Amrita Krishnan, Melissa Alsina, Michael Carroll, Karen Adler, G. Cropp, C. Mitsiades, Robert Johnson, Alison Hannah, Kenneth C. Anderson Dept Hematology, Dana Farber Cancer Center, Boston, MA, USA; Roswell Park Cancer Center, Buffalo, NY, USA; Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, USA; City of Hope Ntal Medical Center, Duarte, CA, USA; H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USA; Arizona Cancer Center, Tucson, AZ, USA; Kosan Biosciences, Inc, Hayward, CA, USA

Background: Tanespimycin (KOS-953, 17-AAG) disrupts the function of Hsp90, a molecular chaperone of MM client proteins such as IL-6, IGF-1R that are key to growth, survival and drug resistance. In vitro, BZ + KOS-953 show additive cytotoxicity against MM cells. Single-agent KOS-953 produced durable MR and SD (ASH 2005 A#361) in relapsed and refractory MM pts with an MTD > 420 mg/m2. Objectives: Define a phase 2 dose of BZ+KOS-953 in pts with relapsed, refractory MM. Determine PK of KOS-953 and its active metabolite. Evaluate proteasome inhibition in whole blood lysates. Explore changes in intracellular signaling proteins in PBMCs and CD138+ MM cells. Methods: Pts receive BZ as IVB followed by 1-hr infusion KOS-953 (in a Cremophor formulation) D1,4,8,11 q 21d. Dose escalation occurred in a step-wise manner (KOS-953: 100, 150, 220, 275 and 340 mg/m2; BZ: 0.7, 1.0 and 1.3 mg/m2). Collection of PK and surrogates occurs after D1, 11 dosing. Toxicity is assessed by NCI CTCAE v3.0 and response by EBMT criteria. Results: 40 pts were enrolled in 7 dose levels: 22F/18M; median age/KPS 59y/90; all rel/refy; median # of prior regimens 4 (range 2-16); 97% dex; 73% prior BZ; 87% prior thalidomide; 7% prior lenalidomide; 67% prior SCT. Pts received a median of 4 cycles (range: 1 19+). Three episodes of DLT potentially related to KOS-953 were observed (KOS-953/BZ dose): grade (g) 3 pancreatitis (150/1.3); g4 metabolic acidosis with GI hemorrhage secondary to GI amyloidosis (275/1.3); and g3 myalgias/cramps (340/1.3). Other g3-4 toxicity: anemia, back pain and thrombocytopenia (all reversible). Common toxicities (>10%): fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, thrombocytopenia and nausea (predominantly g1-2). Significant cardiotoxicity, peripheral neurotoxicity and DVT were not reported. KOS-953 PK: similar to single-agent trial with no change in clearance on this schedule. Dose (mg) vs exposure to [parent + metabolite] was linear (R2=0.87). 20S proteasome inhibition was similar to published BZ single-agent values. Hsp70 induction was observed in PBMCs prior to D11 infusion, suggesting sustained Hsp90 inhibition on this schedule. Responses (CR+PR+MR) were seen in all dose levels of KOS-953 with BZ > 1.0 mg/m2: BZ-naive pts (5/7 pts; 71%); BZ-refractory pts (defined as PD on BZ-containing regimen prior to study or no response to prior BZ; 2/6 pts; 33%) and BZ-pretreated pts (5/13 pts; 38%); 4 pts were non-evaluable having received < 2 infusions and 10 pts (Cohort 7) are not yet assessable for response. Conclusions: Encouraging anti-MM activity has been observed in all dose groups with KOS-953 with BZ > 1.0 mg/m2. The dose group of 1.3 mg/m2 BZ + 340 mg/m2 KOS-953 is being expanded to assess tolerability; one pt out of 10 experienced DLT at this dose level to date. To date, no additive toxicity or PK interactions are seen. A phase 2 study of the combination in relapsed, refractory MM and a registrational phase 2/3 trial in MM pts in 1st relapse comparing BZ to BZ+KOS-953 are planned.
Abstract #406 appears in Blood, Volume 108, issue 11, November 16, 2006

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