This combined analysis of national and international Phase III trials indicates that len/dex (Rev/dex) is superior to dexamethasone alone in inducing responses both in time to disease progression and in overall survival. 50% of the patients who received len/dex after second or subsequent relapse still responded; 2/3 of the patients had a partial or complete response.
Lenalidomide in Combination with Dexamethasone Is More Effective Than Dexamethasone at First Relapse in Relapsed Multiple Myeloma. Session Type: Poster Session, Board #781-III
Edward Stadtmauer, Donna Weber, M. Dimopolous, Andrew Belch, Michel Attal, Miles Prince, Marta Olesnyckyj, Zhinuan Yu, Jerome Zeldis, Robert Knight Abramson Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA; MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA; General Alexandras Hospital, Athens, Greece; Cross Cancer Institute, Edmonton, AB, Canada; Service dHematologie Clinique, Toulouse, France; Peter MacCallum Cancer Institute, Melbourne, Australia; Celgene Corporation, Summit, NJ, USA
Background: High-dose dexamethasone (Dex) remains a standard therapy for relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (MM). Lenalidomide is a novel, orally administered, immunomodulatory drug (IMiD) that has single-agent activity against MM and additive effects when combined with Dex. At the interim analysis, lenalidomide/dexamethasone achieved a significant benefit over dexamethasone, providing a longer median time to progression (TTP), higher response rates, and higher CR rates.
Aim: This prospective subgroup analysis of MM-009/010 was performed to determine the potential benefit of starting lenalidomide/dexamethasone at first relapse by analyzing outcomes with lenalidomide/dexamethasone versus dexamethasone among patients who had received only 1 versus > 1 prior line of therapy.
Methods: Patients who had received at least 1 prior treatment and were not refractory to dexamethasone were randomized to either receive oral lenalidomide (25 mg daily for 3 weeks every 4 weeks) plus Dex (40 mg on Days 1-4, 9-12, 17-20 every 4 weeks for 4 months, then 40 mg on Days 1-4 every cycle thereafter) or placebo plus Dex. The European Blood and Marrow Transplantation criteria were used to evaluate response. Randomization was stratified at entry by number of prior therapies (1 versus > 1).
Results: Among the 248 patients who had received only 1 prior therapy, those receiving second-line lenalidomide/dexamethasone had a significantly longer median TTP (71 vs. 20 wks) and a higher response rate (complete response [CR] + partial response [PR]; 65% vs. 26%) versus those receiving second-line dexamethasone. Among the 456 patients who had received > 1 prior line of therapy, the median TTP (41 vs. 20 wks), response rate (58% vs. 20%) were higher with lenalidomide/dexamethasone compared with dexamethasone. Comparing patients who received lenalidomide/dexamethasone as second-line versus as later salvage therapy, the median TTP appeared longer and the response rates higher in patients who received lenalidomide/dexamethasone earlier, although TTP and response rates were also significantly better with lenalidomide/dexamethasone than with dexamethasone in patients who received lenalidomide/dexamethasone later. Differences in the groups included prior stem cell transplant (66% vs. 54%), thalidomide (12.5% vs. 53.2%), and bortezomib (0.4% vs. 11.6%) in the second-line versus later salvage therapy groups. No difference was observed in grade adverse events or survival with a median follow-up of 16.8 months.
Conclusions: Lenalidomide/dexamethasone provided higher response rates and improved TTP compared with dexamethasone at first relapse and beyond. Response to lenalidomide/dexamethasone was superior to that to dexamethasone regardless of the type of prior therapy. TTP and response rates appeared more favorable when lenalidomide/dexamethasone was administered earlier at first relapse compared with its use as later salvage therapy. These data support the use of lenalidomide/dexamethasone for patients as second-line therapy.
Abstract #3552 appears in Blood, Volume 108, issue 11, November 16, 2006