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Understanding Dexamethasone and Other Steroids

This booklet is devoted to an important component of almost all myeloma therapies. The steroid dexamethasone is a synthetic adrenocortical steroid, also known as glucocorticosteroid or corticosteroid. Dexamethasone is one of the most frequently used medications in the treatment of myeloma. It is also known by the brand names Decadron®, Dexasone®, Diodex®, Hexadrol®, and Maxidex®.


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Dexamethasone, as well as other drugs within the same class as dexamethasone: namely, the adrenal corticosteroids (prednisone, prednisolone, and methylprednisolone) are used to treat multiple myeloma. After reading this booklet, you should know the following:

  • What dexamethasone is
  • How dexamethasone works
  • The possible side effects of dexamethasone
  • How dexamethasone is given
  • Similar details about the other adrenal corticosteroids that are used in the treatment of multiple myeloma

This booklet is meant to provide you with general information only. It is not meant to replace the advice of your doctor, nurse, or other healthcare practitioner. Your healthcare team can answer questions related to your specific treatment plan.

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